Dental bone grafting is a surgical procedure that aims to rebuild or regenerate lost bone in the jaw, often necessary for successful dental implant placement. It involves the transplantation of bone tissue or bone substitutes to the affected area to stimulate growth and provide a stable foundation for implants.
This procedure is typically required when there is insufficient bone mass due to tooth loss, gum disease, or previous extractions. By rebuilding the jawbone, dental bone grafting enhances the chances of successful dental implant integration and improves overall oral health.
For patients considering dental implants, bone grafting may be necessary to ensure a successful procedure. To schedule a consultation and learn more about your options, call us at (888) 955-5922 or request an appointment online.
Dental bone grafting is a specialized procedure designed to bolster the jawbone's strength and volume in areas where bone loss has occurred. It is particularly beneficial for patients who require dental implants but lack sufficient jawbone density.
Adequate jawbone density is crucial for the successful attachment and implantation of dental implants and crowns. When a patient's jawbone lacks the necessary structure, Dr. Ferguson may recommend an initial bone graft procedure to promote healing, growth, and increased implant and crown viability.
If you're contemplating dental implants to replace missing teeth and want to assess whether your jaw requires additional support, get in touch with the expert team at Black Point Dental or visit our Honolulu private practice.
Bone grafting may be suggested by Dr. Ferguson if you have recently undergone a tooth extraction and are considering dental implants. Other factors that can contribute to bone loss include:
During your consultation, Dr. Ferguson will discuss the four primary types of bone grafts and recommend the most suitable option for your needs.
- Socket preservation: This graft is placed directly into the socket after tooth extraction, preventing the wound's sides from collapsing.
- Ridge augmentation: For patients who had teeth extracted some time ago, this technique offers the necessary width and volume support for a thinning jawbone.
- Sinus lift: If you have missing teeth in the upper back portion of the mouth, the maxillary sinuses may descend and occupy the space previously held by tooth roots. A sinus lift raises the sinus to its original position and places a dental bone graft beneath it, creating a stable structure for future dental implants.
- Periodontal bone graft: This method targets bone loss resulting from gum disease, which can cause teeth to loosen. Unlike other grafts, periodontal bone grafts aim to support existing teeth rather than provide a foundation for implants.
Bone grafts utilize different types of material, depending on the patient’s requirements. Dr. Ferguson will discuss the following options during your consultation:
- Autografts: This method uses tissue from the patient's body, typically sourced from the chin or hip.
- Allografts: Allografts employ sterilized tissue from a deceased donor, which undergoes several treatments to ensure it is free from host diseases and unlikely to cause reactions.
- Xenografts: Xenografts involve tissue from other animal species, such as cows, which is pre-treated and sterilized to eliminate any potential diseases.
- Synthetic bone grafts: As the name suggests, these grafts use materials like bioactive glass or ceramics.
Dr. Ferguson will guide you through the entire process, from the initial consultation to post-treatment care. The recovery time after a bone grafting procedure varies, depending on the individual case. Dental implants are often placed once the bone grafts have fully healed.
During your consultation, Dr. Ferguson will assess your gums and teeth, paying particular attention to potential bone loss. If an autograft is necessary, he will source the bone from the chosen location (chin or hip) and perform any necessary dental extractions. The grafting site will be thoroughly cleaned before attaching the graft and suturing it closed.
Post-treatment guidelines will be provided to avoid complications, and patients typically return home within a few hours of the procedure. A follow-up appointment will be scheduled about one week after the bone grafting procedure, with regular visits as needed. Complete healing can take up to six months.
Bone grafting can cause discomfort, so Dr. Ferguson will administer anesthesia or, in some cases, full sedation before the procedure. After the anesthesia wears off, some pain may be experienced, and Dr. Ferguson will prescribe appropriate pain medication.
The following steps are recommended to reduce discomfort and aid recovery for patients:
- Avoid physically demanding activities for three days
- Take prescribed pain medication as directed
- Use an ice pack to help with swelling
- Avoid hot, cold, or spicy beverages and foods
- Consume soft, cold foods like yogurt and smoothies
- Avoid touching the treated area
It is normal to experience bleeding, swelling, and bruising after a bone grafting procedure. However, if these symptoms worsen abnormally or signs of infection appear, contact Dr. Ferguson at Black Point Dental immediately.